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Department of Psychiatry Faculty

Photo: Linda A. W. Brakel, M.D., M.A. (Adjunct)

Linda A. W. Brakel, M.D., M.A. (Adjunct)

Contact Information


Primary Programs/Services:
Ambulatory - Stress, Anxiety and Personality


  • University of Michigan (1994-1998) M.A. in Philosophy
  • University of Michigan (1976-1980)Residency in Psychiatry and Fellowship in Child Psychiatry
  • Michigan Psychoanalytic Institute (1976-1988) Certified in Psychoanalysis
  • Tufts University School of Medicine (1972-1976)

Clinical Interest:

  • Classical Conditioning and Psychopathology
  • Adult psychoanalysis
  • Agency in psychodynamic treatment

Research Interest:

  • The placebo effect and psychoanalytic theory
  • Categorization in conscious and unconscious thought and under adverse conditions
  • Categorization using Primary and Secondary Processes in Humans and Non-human animals
  • Intersections between psychoanalytic theory and analytic philosophy

Academic Appointment:

  • Adjunct Clinical Associate Professor
  • Research Associate Dept of Philosophy, LS&A

Recent or Representative Publications:

  • Philosophy, Psychoanalysis, and the A-Rational Mind. Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2009
  • Unconscious Knowing and Other Essays in Psycho-Philosophical Analysis. Oxford: Oxford U. Press, 2010
  • The psychoanalytic assumption of the primary process: Extra-psychoanalytic evidence and findings. Journal of the American Psychoanalytic Association Vol. 52: 1131-1161, 2004
  • The Ontology of Psychology. London: Routledge Press, 2013
  • Negative hallucinations, other irretrievable experiences and two functions of consciousness. International Journal of Psycho-Analysis Vol.70: 461-479, 1989

Curriculum Vitae: