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Junior Faculty Presentations

Anne Buu, PhD, PhD and James Cranford, PhD

Buu: Researchers are constantly searching for ways to increase both the validity and reliability of their studies as to make them more valuable to the academic community. Good validity and reliability are both heavily dependent on how data is measured, and what data is obtained. Specifically, in research involving drug use and related risk behaviors, there are many limitations to how the data is obtained. This is due to factors such as subject compliance, subject reactivity to treatments, and the willingness for people that engage in risk behaviors to share truthful information. In this talk, Dr. Buu discusses new measures and methodology in this field that will ideally lead to cleaner, more accurate data. Dr. Buu discusses methods like employing weekly protocols and patient pseudo-contracts that have been shown to result in higher subject compliance and more consistent data for this cohort of subjects. Cranford: Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD) impose a massive burden on not only the individual experiencing it, but also on the family, and the society surrounding that individual. Statistics show that alcohol involvement ranks as the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States (Mokdad et al., 2004). Furthermore, alcohol is also linked with over 40% of motor vehicle related deaths and is linked with a high rate of comorbidity with psychiatric disorders, specifically depression with suicidal ideation. In this presentation, Dr. Cranford explores how the multitude of detrimental effects that stem from AUDs impact the family unit. From marital interactions to parent-child relationships, across the board the research presented here depicts a positive correlation between AUDs and family conflict. In the end, Dr. Cranford suggests new methods for continuing to study the impact of AUDs on the family unit that emphasize daily processes of family interactions on a micro, individual scale as opposed to the traditional macro, family scale.


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